The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical devices that is vehicles, home appliances, and other items embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and connectivity which enables these things connect the internet ,creating opportunities for more direct integration of the physical world into computer-based systems, resulting in efficiency improvements, economic benefits, and reduced the problems of our daily life.
In the year 2017 ,The number of IoT devices increased 31% year over year to 8.4 billion and it is estimated that there will be 30 billion devices by 2020 that is all devices will be connected to the the IoT. The value of global market of IoT is projected to about $7.1 trillion by 2020.
IoT works on internet connectivity for the standers devices, such as desktops, laptops, smartphones and tablets or many other things, for any range of traditionally dumb or non internet enabled physical devices and everyday objects. Embedded with technology, these devices can connect to the internet and they can be controlled and monitored by the remote .On the arrival of driver less vehicles, a branch of IoT, that is through the internet vehicle start to gain more attention.
Advantage of IoT
IoT make it possible the communication between devices, also known as Machine to Machine (M2M) communication.
Automation and Control
By the IoT it is to manage the devices controlled digitally and connect to the internet.Machine can able to communicate with each other without human intervention.
it is good that having more information helps making better decisions for the more services.To have good knowledge is better,but more and more knowledge is power.
The other advantage of IoT is monitoring. Knowing the exact quantity of the air quality in your home, can further provide more information that can not have previously been collected easily. However, monitoring the expiration of products can and will improve security system.
IoT saving time because it have large network and you can do anything without go there,and efficient to save the time.
The main advantage of IoT is saving money. It will be very widely use in the future for its low cost and monitoring equipment proves that it is very useful and making the appliances communicate each other.
Efficient and Saves Time
The machine-to-machine communication provides better efficiency, hence; accurate results can be obtained rapidly. It saving valuable time. It repeats the same task everyday and enables to people to do other creative task.
By this technology we can Optimum utilization of energy and resources that can be achieved and keeping the devices under surveillance. Users can be alerted in case of possible bottlenecks, breakdowns, and damages . Hence, we save money by using this technology i.e IoT.
Better Quality of Life
We have a better life it can only possible by this technology ,we have a digital life with full of comforts
Applications of IoT in future by the mobile app
There will be a IoT Mobile app to control and managing devices,The set of applications for IoT devices is often divided into some category that is consumer, commercial, industrial, and infrastructure spaces.In the future IoT will become more popular and common.The estimation is that ,all the equipment which are useful to our daily life will be based on IoT in the year 2020.
IoT in Agriculture
IoT in Retail
IoT in Healthcare
IoT in Vehicles
Smart Grids & a lot more.
The number of increasing the IoT devices are created for consumer use, including connected vehicles, home automation,smart home, wearable technology, connected health, and appliances with controlling and monitoring by mobile app which will use as a remote ,i will be drastic change of life.
With the increasing number of IoT devices for the use in the home automation ,which can include lighting, heating and air conditioning, media and security systems even in the washing machine.This is the beneficial for the life long term that could include energy savings by automatically ensuring lights and electronics are turned off.For the more efficient ,it would control by the mobile app ,for example when you will want to go home so you will send message to start the ac, before reaching the home.
The other benefit of the IoT is that it can provide assistance for those with disabilities and elderly individuals. The home appliances use for assertive technology to accommodate an owner’s specific disabilities. It controls voice that can assist users with sight and mobility problems for alerting systems that can be connected directly to Cochlear implants worn by hearing impaired users. They can also use with additional safety features. The features that can include sensors, that monitor for medical emergencies such as falls or seizures etc. IoT that is Smart home technology applied in this way that can provide users with more freedom and a higher quality of life without any problem .
The term “Enterprise IoT” refers to all devices which is used in business and corporate settings. On 2019, it is assumed that EIoT will account for 9.1 billion devices.
Medical and healthcare
The futurologist’s thought that soon you will share your exercise levels, heart rate, activity, and other essential data accumulated by your mobile device with your doctor or your caretaker. “It will be more easy that care will be delivered outside hospitals and clinics”,no need to go to the hospital or clinic “This means that mobile devices from smartphones to monitorate the devices that will become increasingly important because the number of patients cared for at home or in sheltered accommodation or other community centers increases.”
The devices which can be used to notification systems by the remote for health monitoring and emergency . These health devices monitoring the function that can range from blood pressure and heart rate monitors for devices capable of monitoring specialization , such as pacemakers, Fit bit electronic wristbands, and hearing aids. Some hospitals have start the work on smart bed ,they occupied and when a patient is attempting to get up. The smart bed adjust itself appropriate pressure and support is applied to the patient without the manual interaction of nurses.In the year 2015 Goldman Sachs report pointed that healthcare IoT devices that can save the United States is more than about $300 billion in annual healthcare expenditures by increasing revenue ,decreasing cost.It is the main contribution of the IoT solution for medical science as the Internet of Medical Things.
Special sensors can also be equipped within living spaces to monitor the health and general well-being of senior citizens who is enble to take care of themselves.
Other devices to encourage health living, such as connected scales or wearable heart monitors, are also a possible only by the IoT. Battery powered arm that uses electricity, a device that converts muscle group sensations into motor control by the company ,The Research & Development Corporation .On the name of Luke Sky walker(star Wars),nick name of the arm is Luke Arm.
It is easy to the say that the day will not far away from us when the everyone has a mobile app to use the IoT which can make your life easy and more convenient.
The future of IoT in mobile app is clear to see that every one wants these services and comforts to make your life digital smart and splendid.
IoT can assist the management of communications, control, and information processing across various transportation systems. Application of the IoT extends to all of transportation systems (i.e. the vehicle, the infrastructure, and the driver or costumer). Interaction between these types of a transport system is enable inter and intra vehicular communication, smart traffic control, smart parking, electronic toll collection systems, logistic and fleet management, vehicle control, and safety and road assistance.As an example of Logistics and Fleet Management , The IoT platform can continuously track the location and conditions of cargo and assets via wireless sensors and send specific alerts when management exceptions occur such as delays, damages, thefts, etc. By the Machine Learning it combined and also helps in reducing traffic accidents with the help of introducing drowsiness alerts to drivers and providing self driven cars too.
IoT can manage the various problem with the mobile app such as smart traffic control, smart parking and many more ,it will only done by the IoT which can be use as an mobile app known as future technology.
Building and home automation
IoT devices can monitor and control various devices that is mechanical,electronics and electrical ,and will be use in future in vast area for the building management system.
Three main areas that are being covered in literature:
To cover all area of the building for the management of the building by the use of the IoT driven SMART BUILDING.
Reducing energy by the real time monitoring.
For the building environment,the integration of smart devices and how they might to know who to be used in future applications.
The IoT can integration of different type of manufacturing devices equipped with sensing , identify, processing and networking capabilities open the idea to create establish business
Based on such a highly integrated smart cyber physical space, it opens the door to create whole new business and market opportunities for manufacturing of manufacturing equipment, asset and situation management, and manufacturing process control bring the IoT with the realm of industrial applications and smart manufacturing . The IoT smart systems enable rapid manufacturing of new products, dynamic response to product demands, and it control the networking machinery, sensors and control systems together.
Digital control systems to automate the whole process controls, operator tools and service information systems to optimize the safety and security within the purview of the IoT. It also extends itself to manage the maintenance,static evaluation.
IIOT stand for Industrial Internet of things ,IIOT for manufacturing to generate large business value that will lead to the industrial revolution.
It is to calculate that in future ,the best company will be able to grow their revenue by the internet of things ,by making the new model and improve the creativity,productivity for innovation, and transform the work space. The growth of potential by implementation IIOT will produce $12 trillion of global GDP by 2030.
There are so many IoT applications in farming such as gaining data on temperature, rainfall, humidity, wind speed, pest infestation, soil content and many more.The data can be used to automate farming techniques, take decisions to increase the quantity and quality at minimum risk without wastage and minimum effort required to care the crops.
For example, farmers can now monitor soil temperature and moisture by the using IoT mobile app and can do many things without going to the field such as to start water pump by the use of IoT in mobile app ,this is called the future technology.
On August 2018, Toyota Tsusho began a partnership with Microsoft to generates fish farming tools by using the Microsoft Azure application suite for IoT technologies related to water managing and controlling. By researchers,developed part from Kindai University, the water pump system use artificial intelligence to count the number of fish on a conveyor belt, analyze the number of fish, and reduce the effectiveness of water flow from the data that fish provide.The process fall under the Azure Machine Learning ,that The specific computer programs used and the Azure IoT Hub platforms.
To create and design of sustainable urban and rural infrastructures like bridges, railway tracks, on and offshore win farms is a solution application of the IoT.
IoT can benefit for construction company such that cost saving, time reduction, better quality workday, paperless workflow and increase in productivity . Saving money,take faster decisions by the help of IoT. It can also used in the communication between the service providers and users for schedule the meeting time .
Day by day the IoT will increase its strength and user also,the time will come when every task will be done by the IoT. We can see the infrastructure with the help of IoT by open the mobile app service.
The various number of energy consumption devices such as switches, power outlets, bulbs, televisions, etc connect to the internet which is a grate benefit to save the energy by the automatic communication , and with the help of sensor .The device also control by the remote control or you can say that it control by IoT ,and do many function such as remotely powering on or off heating systems, controlling ovens, changing lighting conditions etc.
Environmental controlling applications of the IoT commonly use sensors to assist in environment protection, by monitoring air or water quality, atmospheric or soil conditions, and can even include areas such as monitoring the movements of wildlife and their habitats. To increase the developing power of resource constrained devices connected to the Internet also means that other applications such as earthquake or tsunami early warning systems can also be used by emergency services to provide more rapid aid to the patient. Mobile is the device for the application of IoT devices in typically span a large geographic area.In the future,the standardization IoT brings to wireless sensing will revolutionize this area
Trends and characteristics
Technology road map by the Internet of things.
As we know the devices of IoT increase day by day and it connected ,controlled to the internet .The large number of applications for IoT technology mean that the specifics can be very differ from one device to the next but there are basic characteristics shared by most of the device.
The original concept of the Internet of things is that it is not a part of the Ambient intelligence and autonomous control .Ambient intelligence and autonomous control does not necessarily require Internet structures.However,the companies such as Intel ha sto integrate the concept of IoT,autonomous control, with initial outcomes towards in the direction of considering objects as the driving force for autonomous IoT.
It will likely be an example of event-driven architecture, made bottom up and will consider any subsidiary level. Hence, model driven and its functional approaches may coexist with and more dynamic and data driven architectures.
The Internet of Things that means of an event will not necessarily be based on a syntactic model but it would instead be based on the context of the event itself also, this will be a semantic web. therefor, it will not necessarily need common standards which would not be able to address of context that use some actors ,will accordingly be self referenced and it would ever needed, adaptive for existing common standards.
The Building which have top of the Internet of things, web for all things is an architecture for this application layer of the Internet of things looking at the convergence of data that of IoT device into Web applications to produce innovative use-cases. To programming and control the flow of information for the Internet of things, the predicted architectural direction is known as BPM Everywhere that is a blending of old process management with lot of process and special abilities to automate the control of large numbers of coordinated devices that would communicate each other.
The Internet of Things requires large availability in the network space to control the surge of device. IETF 6LoWPAN can be used to connect devices to the IP networks, With billions of devices being combined to the Internet space, IPv6 will play a main role in controlling the network layer availability. IETF’s Constrained Application Protocol, ZeroMQ, and MQTT have provide lightweight data transportation. Fog computing is a visible solution to prevent the large burst of data flowing through the internet.For analyse and process data ,the edge device can be used.
If talk about the loops that is ,in semi-open or closed loops value chains, whenever a global finality can be settled IoT will often be considered and studied as a complex system for which the huge number of other kinds of links, interactions between autonomous actors, and its capacity to integrate new actors. At the end, that is full open loop it will likely be seen as a chaotic environment. In a practical approach, not all elements in the Internet of things run in a global, or public space. Subsystems that are implemented to reduse the risks of privacy, control and reliability. Consider an example, domestic robotics running inside a smart home might only share data within and be available through a local network.
The Internet of things can encode 50 to 100 trillion objects, and able to follow the movement of that objects. Human beings in surveyed urban environments are surrounded by 1000 to 5000 track able objects and things.In the year 2015 there were already 83 million smart devices in people`s homes, it will become more and more increasing day to day. The number of the devices is about to grow up to 193 million devices in 2020 and will for sure go on growing in the near future.It is estimated that in the year 2020 everything will connect to the IoT,or take some more time ,will be connect on 2025 or 2030 but it will sure that everything ,which would be connect to the internet ,will be connect in tthe future.
The quantity of online capable devices grew 31% from 2016 to 8.4 billion in 2017 ,and more will grow in the next year.
The Internet of things is also define the precise geographic location of a thin and also phic dimensions of a things,it will be critical.Therefore, the facts about a thing, such as its location in space, has been less critical to track because the person processing the information can decide whether or not that information was important to the action being taken or not, and if it happen , add the missing information.It is to find out that IoT will be on sensor and sensor location usually import. The GeoWeb and Digital Earth are promise that the applications become possible only when things can become organized and connected by location. IoT will be more effective in future, as the time running fast our technology will more effective and powerful, and it becomes the bright future as IoT become more common .
- Compatibility: No standard for tagging and monitoring with sensors. It works on the concept like the USB or Bluetooth is required which should not be that difficult to do.
- Complexity: We can understand with an example that is both you and your spouse may receive messages that the milk is over and both of you may end up buying the same. It leaves you with double the quantity required,and there is a software bug causing the printer to order ink multiple times when it requires a single cartridge.
- Privacy and Security: The main issue is Privacy with IoT. All the data must be encrypted so that data about your financial status can not be find by anyone.
- Safety: It can be possible that the software can be hacked and your personal information misused. Your account details can be hacked could put you at risk.
IoT has quite a few disadvantages but its advantages of saving the consumer time and money can’t be ignored so the time isn’t far away from us when IoT will be commonly seen in all the area of households and companies. Works will have to be made to find ways to combat its disadvantages.
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